Author: Xin, M.
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WEA1PL03 Attosecond Timing 79
  • F.X. Kärtner
    Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY) and Center for Free Electron Science (CFEL), Hamburg, Germany
  • K. Shafak
    CFEL, Hamburg, Germany
  • K. Shafak
    Cycle GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Xin
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Funding: This work was supported by DESY and the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Program (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement No. 609920.
Photon-science facilities such as X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) and intense-laser facilities are emerging world-wide with some of them producing sub-fs X-ray pulses. These facilities are in need of a high-precision timing distribution system, which can synchronize various microwave and optical sub-sources across multi-km distances with attosecond precision. Here, we report on a synchronous laser-microwave network that permits attosecond precision across km-scale distances. This was achieved by developing new ultrafast timing metrology devices and carefully balancing the fiber nonlinearities and fundamental noise contributions in the system. New polarization-noise-suppressed balanced optical crosscorrelators and free-space-coupled balanced optical-microwave phase detectors for improved noise performance have been implemented. Residual second- and third-order dispersion in the fiber links are carefully compensated with additional dispersion-compensating fiber to suppress link-induced Gordon-Haus jitter and to minimize output pulse duration; the link power is stabilized to minimize the nonlinearity-induced jitter as well as to maximize the signal to noise ratio for locking.
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